– Essa Bin Hilal Al-Kuwari, President – Qatar
The president of Qatar‘s electricity and water provider talks about how the utility works to support the development of the country’s oil and gas sector.
Between 2008 and the end of 2013, Qatar nearly doubled its generation capacity to 8,755 MW. How much excess is left in the system today (capacity vs. demand) and how do you predict demand to grow as Qatar continues to invest in infrastructure and industry?
Even with this year’s peak, which is expected to cross 6800 MW (till now it reached 6540 MW) we are able to maintain about 25 percent excess generation, and this is enough to cover the demand growth for the next three to four years, with average annual growth of 6 percent.
Our strategy is to have enough generation with the required technical surplus: this will be used to meet any sudden increases and normal demand growth until our next generation facilities are commissioned (2017-2018). The new generation facility, Facility D, will have a capacity of 2400 MW, and will be in service by 2017 with 1000 MW, and 2400 MW capacity in 2018.
The expected demand growth in the next five years is as follows:
|Demand forecast (MW )||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018|
Following the Qatar National Vision 2030, opportunities here for new-build projects are numerous and span across a number of different sectors. What are the challenges for Kahramaa of working with such a wide array of partners on so many different types of Infrastructure project?
Qatar’s new-build projects are numerous and span a number of different sectors and technologies, which is a major challenge, but fortunately Kahramaa has very flexible plans that can adopt to the often vastly different projects currently being built in the country. The main transmission system, which is the backbone of the country’s electricity supply, is well designed to meet all loads; the same applies to our distribution systems. It incorporates today’s latest technologies, and is designed to be able to adapt to tomorrow’s technologies when they arrive.
In Qatar’s two industrial cities of Mesaieed and RasLaffan, how have water and electricity demand grown in recent years, along with their overall development, and what have been the biggest challenges in supplying these two cities with both electricity and water?
Mesaieed and Ras Laffan are the two main industrial cities in the country. This is naturally where demand for energy is very high, and this in itself brings challenges, but Kahramaa met these challenges by locating roughly 60 percent of its generation facilities in these two areas, as well as its 400 KV backbone transmission systems.
How have you worked to provide tailored solutions for Qatar’s downstream and petrochemical sectors? What are their biggest demands from Kahramaa?
The petrochemical sector is very energy intensive. Kahramaa coordinates closely with the sector in order to assess their demand and their growth plans, and how their electricity and water supplies will have to accompany those plans.
The fact that Kahramaa has a mandate for the supply of both electricity and water suggests that Qatar is very focused on delivering results to end-users in the simplest way possible. What advantages does this integration bring you as a company?
Almost all of Qatar’s portable drinking water is produced within Kahramaa’s generation plant facilities through multi-stage flash process (MSF). Even producing water through RO technologies still needs huge amounts of power, therefore providing the both services allows Kahramaa to reduce the production costs, which represent the main cost of water production, by using by-product heat to desalinate sea water.
What are your goals and expectations for the future of Kahramaa over the next five years?
In the next five years, Kahramaa intends to achieve the following objectives:
- Excel at customer service
- Provide high quality water and electricity
- Increase social advocacy and environmental compliance
- Promote regulatory changes in the energy, water and district cooling markets
- Strengthen its financial performance
- Improve its corporate governance and risk management
- Optimize asset performance
- Attract, develop and retain a high-performing workforce and support Qatarization
- Ensure a safe and healthy working environment
- Enhance processes and systems.